How to realize the quantitative change of the jujube industry?

11-06-2019

Jujube trees native to China are one of the oldest fruit trees. For a long time, the literati and the literati have sent their love to the jujube, the high official Fu Jia loves the jujube, and the civilians love the jujube, not only because the jujube is a good dual-use medicine, but also because the homonym of jujube symbolizes the early arrival of happiness, happiness and good fortune. Rich festive colors and heavy cultural implications.

Jujube tree is not only resistant to inferiority, but also resistant to high temperature, has strong ecological adaptability and high economic value. It is regarded as a “hardcore crop” by the people. It is also used by doctors as a food and health supplement. It is also used in greening barren hills, deserts, Gobi and promoting farmers' income. Play an important role. Since the reform and opening up, the planting area of jujube trees in China has expanded rapidly, and the development of jujube products has been continuously upgraded. A small jujube, bearing the beautiful dream of getting rid of poverty and getting rich, is the hope of many local economic development, industrial revitalization, and enterprise prosperity.

jujube tree

Recently, the National Innovation Alliance of Jujube Industry in Central Plains was established in Luoyang City, Henan Province. The member units of the alliance and domestic universities, research institutes, enterprises and other representatives jointly discuss major theoretical and technical issues in the development of the jujube industry, promote the in-depth cooperation between industry, academia and industry, and contribute to the healthy and sustainable development of the jujube industry.

At the inaugural meeting of the National Innovation Alliance of the Zao Industry in the Central Plains, Yin Weilun, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said that jujube is one of the most widely distributed tree species in China. The distribution of six provinces in Hebei, Xinjiang, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Henan accounts for 90% of the country. %the above. Since the Han Dynasty, jujube has been introduced to at least 47 countries on five continents, and commercial cultivation has become more and more active. Currently. China has 99% of the world's jujube production. Jujube is a traditional Chinese fist export product with an annual export volume of about 10,000 tons. China's jujube product trade accounts for the vast majority of international jujube product trade, and it dominates the world jujube production and trade. For a long time to come, China will remain the world's largest producer and exporter of jujube trees.

Red dates have always been a popular choice for health. With the improvement of people's living standards, the deep processing of the functional components of jujube has begun to attract attention. The processed products with jujube fruit as the main raw material have fruit preserves, canned food, beverages, fruit wine, etc., and have reached more than 10 categories and hundreds of varieties.

The development of jujube industry plays an important role in increasing farmers' income, ecological construction, and meeting the needs of domestic and foreign markets for high-quality jujube products. Although China's jujube industry still has major problems in jujube breeding methods, innovation, green fruit-preserving technology has not yet been effectively broken, ecological prevention and control technology is relatively lagging, processing technology needs to be innovated, etc., but technological breakthroughs have also been made in storage and drying. 

Jujube fruit is mainly divided into two types, dry and fresh, accounting for about 90% of the total output. However, the storability of fresh jujube is very poor. Preservation of fresh jujube has been a problem, and the output of dried varieties has occupied more than 90% of the market for a long time. Since the 1980s, Chinese researchers have systematically studied the postharvest physiological status of fresh jujube, and successively proposed low-temperature storage technology, air-conditioning storage, and ice-temperature preservation technology for perforated plastic film small packages, so that the fresh-keeping period is from room temperature to 3- It increased to about 120 days in 5 days. At the 1990 Beijing Asian Games, Shanxi fresh foods were planted with pears and dates, and the winter dates in Hebei and Shandong were later developed. With the continuous improvement of fresh jujube preservation technology, the cultivation scale of fresh jujube has rapidly expanded, and it has become the most dynamic and export potential.

On the other hand, dry production is still the most important primary processing method of jujube, but the dry technology has also been continuously improved, from natural dry to dry room or mechanized drying. In addition to traditional cylinders and storage, storage technology In addition, decompression and air conditioning storage, irradiation storage, refrigeration and other new technologies that can effectively inhibit the drying of summer jujube and mildew are widely used.

From the demand to meet the "quantity" to the demand to meet the "quality", it is also the direction of the development of the national jujube industry.


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